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Glossary of war

  • AAA: Anti-Aircraft Artillery
  • AA: Anti-Aircraft
  • SPAAG: Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun
  • ASM: Air-to-surface missile (alternatively, Anti-Ship missile, though most use AShM or SSM)
  • AShM: Anti-ship/Air-to-Ship missile
  • AGM: Air-to-Ground missile
  • AAM: Air-to-Air missile
  • BMD: Ballistic Missile Defence (or, a Russian airborne IFV)
  • IFV: Infantry Fighting Vehicle
  • APC: Armored Personnel Carrier
  • MBT: Main Battle Tank
  • SP Arty: Self-propelled Artillery
  • Arty: Artillery
  • AD: Air Defence
  • CAP: Combat Air-Patrol
  • CCG: Guided Missile Cruiser
  • CV: Aircraft Carrier
  • CVN: Nuclear-powered aircraft carrier
  • DDG: Guided Missile Destroyer
  • FFG: Guided Missile Frigate
  • SITREP: Situational Report
  • SAM: Surface to Air Missile
  • SSK: Conventional Attack Submarine
  • SSN: Nuclear Attack Submarine
  • SSGN: Cruise/Guided Missile Submarine (Nuclear)
  • SSBN: Ballistic Missile Submarine (Nuclear)
  • Tango/Charlie: Opposing Forces
  • OPFOR: Opposing Force
  • Fox One: Launch of semi-active radar guided missile
  • Fox Two: Launch of infrared-guided missile
  • Fox Three: Launch of active radar guided missile
  • Fox Four: Simulated firing on a target (jokingly used by pilots as a mid-air collision or "ramming")
  • Guns: Firing of aircraft cannon/firearms
  • WMD: Weapons of Mass Destruction
  • "Blue-on-Blue:" Friendly fire
  • AP: Anti-personnel
  • AT: Anti-tank
  • MRL: Multiple-Rocket Launcher
  • MLRS: Multiple Launch Rocket System (primarily M270, a US MLRS)
  • HIMARS: High-mobility Artillery Rocket System (a truck mounted version of the M270 MLRS)
  • M: Model
  • Passive Sonar: Basically a device that "listens" to sounds in the water
  • Active Sonar: A device that emits sound signals in water, much like radar
  • AR: Assault Rifle
  • MG: Machinegun
  • G: German acronym for "Gewehr", or "rifle"
  • K: German acronym for "Karabiner" or "Carbine"
  • SMG: Submachinegun
  • Suppressed/Suppressor: A "silencer"
  • "Hush Puppy:" Read: Suppressor
  • M16/M4: A US Assault weapon, standard in many militaries
  • AKM: A modernized AK-47, the AKM is the world's most widely used firearm
  • G3(A1, A2, A3, A4, etc.): A German battle rifle of Cold War vintage, widely used
  • FN FAL: A Belgian battle rifle of Cold War vintage, once saw service in UK, Australian, Canadian militaries
  • FAMAS: A French 5.56mm Assault Rifle
  • 5.56mm NATO: A 5.56X45mm (dimensions) round. Standard in Western world
  • 7.62mm: Usually refers to one of three rounds
  • -7.62X54mm, a Russian full-power round, first saw use in Mosin-Nagant, still used to today in weapons like PKM, SVD
  • -7.62X51mm, a NATO full-power round, used in weapons like FAL, G3, M14, M60 etc.
  • -7.62X39mm, a Russian intermediate round, first saw use in SKS and AK-47
  • Round Classification:
  • Full-power, rifle round
  • Intermediate, assault rifle class
  • pistol, a pistol/SMG power round
  • AAW: Anti-air warfare
  • AWACS: Airborne-warning and control system
  • AEW&C: Airborne Early Warning & Control
  • MANPADS: A man-portable, usually IR-guided SAM system
  • SHORAD: Short-range air defence
  • Point-defense: An air defence system intended for close-in air/missile defence
  • SRBM: Short Range Ballistic Missile
  • BRBM: Battlefield Range ballistic missile
  • MRBM: Medium Range Ballistic Missile.
  • IRBM: Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missile
  • ICBM: Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile
  • MT: Megaton (1,000 KT)
  • KT: Kiloton (equivalent to 1,000 tonnes of TNT)
  • Special Weapon: Biological, Chemical, or Nuclear Weapons (Alternatively, CBRN, with the R being Radiological)
  • BW: Biological Warfare
  • CW: Chemical Warfare
  • TEL: Transporter-Erector Launcher (basically a missile-carrying land vehicle)
  • "Dirty-Bomb"/Radiological Weapon: A bomb/weapon combined with radioactive material to cause fallout
  • DU: Depleted Uranium
  • AP: Armor-Piercing
  • HEAT: High-Explosive Anti-tank
  • HE-Frag: High Explosive Fragmentation
  • HE: High-explosive
  • WP/"Wily Pete": White phosphorous round, burns skin, muscle tissue etc. Oft-used as an illumination round
  • APDS: Armor-piercing discarding sabot (an advanced kind of armor-piercing round)
  • APDS-FS, HE-FS, He-Frag-FS, HEAT-FS, HESH-FS: A round plus -FS, which means "fin stabilized."
  • HESH: High explosive squash head, an anti-armor round, largely superseded by HEAT, but still used by many countries (i.e. India), in particular against fortifications
  • "Silver-Bullet": A US-made DU APDS
  • "Excalibur": A Swedish-designed laser-guided, 155mm artillery projectile (XM777)
  • ."" cal(iber): The diameter of a round, as measured by the decimal of an inch (like 0.50 caliber)
  • 14.5mm: A Russian, "super-heavy" machine gun round, about twice the power of NATO's 12.7mm (also called .50 caliber)
  • HMG: Heavy Machine Gun (like Browning M2)
  • GPGM: General Purpose Machine Gun (British nick: "Gimpy")
  • LMG: Light Machine Gun
  • SAW: Squad Automatic Weapon (often refers to M249 SAW)
  • UGL: Underslung/Underbarrel Grenade Launcher
  • AGL: Automatic Grenade Launcher
  • SSM: Surface-to-Surface Missile
  • FAC: Fast-Attack Craft
  • K: Komercheskiy (Russian designation for export models)
  • UB: Uchebno-Boyevoy (Rssian designation for trainer variant)
  • UBG: Uchebno-Trenirovochnyy s Gakom (Russian designation for carrier takeoff trainers)
  • M: Modernizirovannyy (Russian designation for modernized)
  • T: Tankovy (Russian designation for anti-tank variants for attacker aircraft or tanks themselves)
  • TACAN: TACtial Air Navication
  • JSTARS: Joint Surviellance Target Attack Radar System
  • FOV: Field of View/Vision
  • AESA: Active Electronically Scanned/Steered Array
  • PESA: Passive Electronically Scanned/Steered Array
  • MSA: Mechanically Scanned/Steered Array
  • SRAAM: Short Ranged Air-to-Air Missile (Alternatively, WVRAAM, or Within Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile)
  • A2A: Air-to-Air
  • AMRAAM: Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AIM-120 in particular)
  • BVRAAM: Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile
  • PB: Patrol Boat
  • EW: Electronic Warfare
  • SIGINT: SIGnals INTelligence
  • ELINT: ELectronic INTelligence
  • COMINT: COMmunications INTelligence
  • A: Attack (American military aircraft designation)
  • B: Bomber (American military aircraft designation)
  • C: Cargo (American military aircraft designation)
  • E: Electrionic (American military aircraft designation)
  • F: Fighter (American military aircraft designation)
  • H: Helicopter (American military aircraft designation)
  • O: Observer (American military aircraft designation)
  • P: Patrol (American military aircraft designation)
  • T: Trainer (American military aircraft designation)
  • X: Experimental (American military aircraft designation)

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